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Federation of the European Union Fire Officer Associations

SOCIO.ECONOMICS | FIRE SERVICE | REQUIREMENT TO JOIN F.S. | TRAINING | RECRUIT. TRAIN | PERMANENT REFRESHER TRAIN |
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FIRE FIGTHER CAREER
- REQUIREMENT TO JOIN F.S. -
Previous requirement | Announcement | Selection process | Fitness tests | Knowledge | Interview | Health tests | Merits | General



Are there any minimum educational qualifications required to join the fire service as a firefighter at the basic level ?


CountryNo.last updateremark
AustriaYes, intermediate school (9 years)0000-00-00Remark:
BelgiumSector Agreements negotiated between the accredited unions and the competent administrative authorities (Flanders, Wallonia, Brussels, and National Government) have set minimum educational qualifications for the recruitment of firemen.0000-00-00
Cyprus0000-00-00
Czech RepublicYes. Highschool within GCSE (leaving) examination.0000-00-00
Denmarkno0000-00-00
Estonia0000-00-00
FinlandThe Staff Diploma at Emergency Services College0000-00-00
Franceyes0000-00-00
GermanyJunior high school (10 years)0000-00-00Remark:
GreeceAt least high school0000-00-00
Hungary0000-00-00
Internationalno0000-00-00
IrelandIntermediate Certificate0000-00-00
ItalyYes, compulsory school certificate (grade school + middle school, 10 years)0000-00-00
Luxembourg-0000-00-00
Netherlandsno0000-00-00
Norwayno0000-00-00
Polandminimum secondary technical school0000-00-00
PortugalYes. Intermediate certificate (9th level in 12 before University)0000-00-00
Slovakia
SloveniaSecondary technical school.0000-00-00
SpainYes, Primary school0000-00-00
SwedenYes, High school (3 years)0000-00-00
United Kingdomno0000-00-00



Are there any minimum vocational qualifications required to join the fire service as a firefighter at the basic level ?


CountryNo.last updateremark
AustriaYes, final examination in a technical or otherwise suitable profession for the fire service0000-00-00Remark:
Belgiumsecondary technical school exam0000-00-00
Cyprus0000-00-00
Czech Republicno0000-00-00
Denmarkno0000-00-00
Estonia0000-00-00
Finlandno0000-00-00
Franceyes0000-00-00
GermanyYes, final examination in a technical or otherwise suitable profession for the fire service (after 3-year education)0000-00-00Remark:
GreeceYes for the drivers : driving license experiencefor the technicians : experience0000-00-00
Hungary0000-00-00
Internationalno0000-00-00
Irelandno0000-00-00
ItalyYes, applicants must have attended a technical schoo l(3 years) or have a professional qualification as driver, electrician, plumber, mechanic, carpenter, helicopter pilot, diver0000-00-00
Luxembourg11 years education with exam, profession which is suitable for the fire service0000-00-00
Netherlandsno0000-00-00
NorwayNo, but the most of the employers require at least vocational qualification as a skilled worker (plumber, electrician, mechanic etc.)0000-00-00
Polandno0000-00-00
PortugalNo0000-00-00
Slovakia
SloveniaNo0000-00-00
Spainno0000-00-00
Swedenyes0000-00-00
United Kingdomno0000-00-00



Are there any restrictions to accept the applicant because of his/her nationality?


CountryNo.last updateremark
AustriaAustrian state citizens or citizen of an EU state required0000-00-00
Belgiumyes0000-00-00
Cyprus0000-00-00
Czech RepublicYes. Must have Czech citizenship (written by law)0000-00-00
DenmarkYes. Must have Danish citizenship0000-00-00
Estonia0000-00-00
FinlandPublic duty requires a person to be a Finnish citizen.0000-00-00
Francefrench nationality obligatory.0000-00-00
GermanyGerman or EU-Citizen0000-00-00Remark:
GreeceYes0000-00-00
Hungary0000-00-00
Internationalno0000-00-00
Irelandno0000-00-00
Italyyes0000-00-00
Luxembourgyes, the applicant must be luxemburgish citizen0000-00-00
Netherlandsno0000-00-00
Norwayno0000-00-00
PolandMust be Polish citizenship (regulated by law)0000-00-00
PortugalThe candidate must have Portuguese citizenship.0000-00-00
Slovakia
SloveniaMust have Slovene citizenship0000-00-00
SpainOnly citizens of the European Union0000-00-00
Swedenno0000-00-00
United Kingdomno0000-00-00



What is the estimated percentage of foreigners in the fire brigade ?


CountryNo.last updateremark
Austria0%0000-00-00Remark:
Belgium 0,10 %0000-00-00Remark:
Cyprus0000-00-00
Czech Republic0%0000-00-00
Denmark0%0000-00-00
Estonia0000-00-00
Finlandno0000-00-00
France0 %0000-00-00
Germany0,1%0000-00-00Remark:
Greece0 %0000-00-00
Hungary0000-00-00
InternationalNot estimated0000-00-00
Ireland3%0000-00-00
Italy0%0000-00-00
Luxembourg00000-00-00
Netherlands< 1%0000-00-00
Norway0 %0000-00-00
Poland0%0000-00-00
Portugal0%0000-00-00
Slovakia
Slovenia0%0000-00-00
Spain0%0000-00-00
Sweden< 5 %0000-00-00
United KingdomNot estimated0000-00-00



Is the right to apply for a fire service post restricted by any territorial constraint ?


CountryNo.last updateremark
Austriayes0000-00-00Remark:
Belgiumno0000-00-00
Cyprus0000-00-00
Czech Republicno0000-00-00
DenmarkYes. But only for part-time firefighters. They must be able to meet at the fire station within 5 minutes after the alarm.
There are no requirements for full time firefighters.
0000-00-00
Estonia0000-00-00
Finlandno0000-00-00
Franceno0000-00-00
Germanyno0000-00-00Remark:
GreeceNo0000-00-00
Hungary0000-00-00
Internationalno0000-00-00
Irelandno0000-00-00
Italyno0000-00-00
LuxembourgThe applicant is required to live within a perimeter of 10 km0000-00-00
NetherlandsYes. It depends on the job.
For part-time volunteers: mostly within a certain area of the fire station.
For full-time firefighters: within the region (there are exceptions)
For specialists 'on call': an area depending on the response time.
0000-00-00
Norwayyes
The applicant is required to live not far away from the fire station. (ordinary within a distance of about 10 km)
0000-00-00
Polandno0000-00-00
Portugalno0000-00-00
Slovakia
Sloveniano
Applicant who live within the region has advantage in selection process.
0000-00-00
SpainNo0000-00-00
Swedenno0000-00-00
United Kingdomno0000-00-00



Is there any age limit to join the fire service as a firefighter at the basic level ?


CountryNo.last updateremark
Austriayes
Min. 20 Years
Max. 26 Years
0000-00-00
Belgiumyes0000-00-00
Cyprus0000-00-00
Czech RepublicYes. Minimum 18 years0000-00-00
DenmarkYes. Minimum 18 years; Maximum 60 years0000-00-00
Estonia0000-00-00
FinlandMinimum 18 years0000-00-00
Franceyes0000-00-00Remark:
Germany28 years
35 years for higher career
may differ within the fire services of the federal states
0000-00-00Remark:
GreeceYes
21-26 for the fire-fighters
21-30 University level
21-33 volunteer fire-fighters (with experience in fire extinction)
0000-00-00
Hungary0000-00-00
InternationalYes, Minimum age:18 years; There is no upper age limit.0000-00-00
Irelandyes0000-00-00Remark:
Italyyes0000-00-00
Luxembourgmaximum 28 years0000-00-00
NetherlandsMinimum: 18 years;
Maximum: 35 years (up to 40 years depending on market conditions, or for specialists)
0000-00-00
Norwayyes
Maximum: 30 years (normally).
0000-00-00
Polandno0000-00-00Remark:
Portugal18 to 25 if professional; goes up to 35 if Municipal fire fighter; no limit for volunteers0000-00-00
Slovakia
Sloveniayes
Minimum 18 years; maximum (depending on the brigade) 30 years.
0000-00-00
SpainYes, 18 years old minimum. Some services establish a maximum of 35 years old or 15years below retirement age.0000-00-00
Swedennormally 30 years0000-00-00
United KingdomYes, Minimum age:18 years; There is no upper age limit.0000-00-00



Are there exceptions to age limit for joining the fire service ?


CountryNo.last updateremark
Austriano0000-00-00
Belgiumno0000-00-00Remark:
Cyprus0000-00-00
Czech RepublicYes. It is faculty of the Chief Fire Officer to establish the maximum limit.
Minimum limit could be less than 18 for graduate who passed High School of Fire Protection under Ministry of the Interior
0000-00-00
Denmarkno0000-00-00
Estonia0000-00-00
Finlandno0000-00-00
Franceyes0000-00-00Remark:
Germanyno0000-00-00
GreeceNo0000-00-00
Hungary0000-00-00
Internationalno0000-00-00
Irelandno0000-00-00
Italyyes0000-00-00
Luxembourgno0000-00-00
NetherlandsPart-time volunteers or specialists can be accepted at higher age (subject to market conditions)0000-00-00
Norwayyes
Age limit can be different if the applicant has special competence, for example are fully educated as a firefighter from another fire service or another kind of fire brigade.
0000-00-00
Polandno0000-00-00
Portugalno0000-00-00
Slovakia
Sloveniano0000-00-00
SpainNo0000-00-00
Swedenyes0000-00-00Remark:
United Kingdomno0000-00-00



Is there any height limit to join the fire service?


CountryNo.last updateremark
Austriayes
min. 1,68 m
0000-00-00
Belgiumyes
1,60 m
0000-00-00Remark:
Cyprus0000-00-00
Czech Republicno0000-00-00
Denmarkno0000-00-00
Estonia0000-00-00
Finlandno0000-00-00
Franceyes0000-00-00Remark:
Germanyno0000-00-00
GreeceYes
Min. Height: Male 1,70m / Female 1,65m
0000-00-00
Hungary0000-00-00
InternationalYes, Minimum height of 1.65 m0000-00-00
Irelandno0000-00-00
Italyyes0000-00-00
Luxembourgminimum height of 1,68 m0000-00-00
Netherlandsno0000-00-00
Norwayno0000-00-00
Polandno0000-00-00
Portugalno0000-00-00
Slovakia
Sloveniano0000-00-00
SpainYes, only in some Services. For example, height minimum 1,65 m - maximum 1,95 m.0000-00-00
Swedennormally 1,85 m0000-00-00
United KingdomYes, Minimum height of 1.65 m0000-00-00



Is there any weight limit to join the fire service ?


CountryNo.last updateremark
Austriayes
Overweight,
decretion of the fire service doctor
0000-00-00
Belgiumno0000-00-00
Cyprus0000-00-00
Czech Republicno0000-00-00
Denmarkno0000-00-00
Estonia0000-00-00
Finlandno0000-00-00
Franceno0000-00-00Remark:
Germanyweight = overweight not more than 30% of the normal weight according to Broca (for size in cm -100 = weight in kg)0000-00-00
GreeceYes
Weight 20% from normal
0000-00-00
Hungary0000-00-00
Internationalno0000-00-00
Irelandno0000-00-00
Italyyes0000-00-00
Luxembourgyes0000-00-00
Netherlandsno0000-00-00
Norwayno0000-00-00
Polandno0000-00-00
Portugalno0000-00-00
Slovakia
Sloveniano0000-00-00
SpainYes, a weight/height ratio (for exemple 3,40000-00-00
Swedennormally 95 kg0000-00-00
United Kingdomno0000-00-00



Is military or community service a requirement to join the fire service ?


CountryNo.last updateremark
Austriayes0000-00-00
Belgiumyes0000-00-00Remark:
Cyprus0000-00-00
Czech Republicno0000-00-00
Denmarkno0000-00-00
Estonia0000-00-00
Finlandno0000-00-00
Franceno0000-00-00Remark:
Germanyno0000-00-00
GreeceYes for the men0000-00-00
Hungary0000-00-00
Internationalno0000-00-00
Irelandno0000-00-00
Italyno0000-00-00
Luxembourgno0000-00-00
Netherlandsno0000-00-00
Norwayno0000-00-00Remark:
Polandyes0000-00-00
Portugalno0000-00-00
Slovakia
Sloveniayes0000-00-00
SpainNo0000-00-00
Swedenno0000-00-00
United Kingdomno0000-00-00



Must the applicant be able to prove not having a criminal record ?


CountryNo.last updateremark
Austriayes0000-00-00
Belgiumyes0000-00-00
Cyprus0000-00-00
Czech Republicyes0000-00-00
Denmarkyes0000-00-00
Estonia0000-00-00
Finlandyes0000-00-00
Franceyes0000-00-00Remark:
Germanyyes0000-00-00
GreeceYes0000-00-00
Hungary0000-00-00
Internationalyes0000-00-00
Irelandno0000-00-00
Italyyes0000-00-00
Luxembourgyes0000-00-00
Netherlandsyes0000-00-00
Norwayyes0000-00-00Remark:
Polandno0000-00-00
Portugalyes0000-00-00
Slovakia
Sloveniayes0000-00-00
SpainNo0000-00-00
Swedenyes0000-00-00
United Kingdomyes0000-00-00



Is the applicant required to make a statement of good character ?


CountryNo.last updateremark
Austriayes0000-00-00Remark:
Belgiumno0000-00-00
Cyprus0000-00-00
Czech Republicyes0000-00-00
Denmarkno0000-00-00
Estonia0000-00-00
Finlandno0000-00-00
Franceyes0000-00-00Remark:
Germanyyes0000-00-00Remark:
GreeceNo0000-00-00
Hungary0000-00-00
InternationalYes, The applicant is required to provide at least two character references0000-00-00
Irelandyes0000-00-00Remark:
Italyyes0000-00-00
Luxembourgno0000-00-00
NetherlandsYes. Several fire services require these references.
Certainly for full-time professionals
0000-00-00
Norwayno0000-00-00
Polandno0000-00-00
Portugalno0000-00-00
Slovakia
Sloveniano0000-00-00
SpainNo0000-00-00
Swedenyes0000-00-00
United KingdomYes, The applicant is required to provide at least two character references0000-00-00



Is current driving licence a requirement to join the fire service ?


CountryNo.last updateremark
AustriaClass B - motor vehicles up to 3500 kg, up to 8 seats0000-00-00Remark:
Belgium No
0000-00-00Remark:
Cyprus0000-00-00
Czech Republic No
0000-00-00
DenmarkClass B - motor vehicles up to 3500 kg, up to 8 seats0000-00-00
Estonia0000-00-00
FinlandClass C1 - motor vehicles up to 7500 kg, up to 8 seats0000-00-00
FranceClass B - motor vehicles up to 3500 kg, up to 8 seats0000-00-00
GermanyClass B - motor vehicles up to 3500 kg, up to 8 seats0000-00-00
GreeceYes, only for the drivers0000-00-00
Hungary0000-00-00
International No
0000-00-00
IrelandNo0000-00-00Remark:
ItalyClass C - motor vehicles up to 3500 kg, up to 8 seats0000-00-00Remark:
Luxembourg-0000-00-00
Netherlandsno0000-00-00
NorwayClass B - motor vehicles up to 3500 kg, up to 8 seats0000-00-00Remark:
Poland No
0000-00-00
PortugalClass C - motor vehicles up to 3500 kg, up to 8 seats0000-00-00
Slovakia
SloveniaClass B - motor vehicles up to 3500 kg, up to 8 seats0000-00-00
Spain Class C1 - motor vehicles up to 7500 kg, up to 8 seats
0000-00-00
SwedenClass B - motor vehicles up to 3500 kg, up to 8 seats0000-00-00
United Kingdom No
0000-00-00



Are swimming skills a requirement to join the fire service ?


CountryNo.last updateremark
Austriayes0000-00-00Remark:
Belgiumyes0000-00-00
Cyprus0000-00-00
Czech RepublicYes. A minimum 100m in a limited time, which depends of recruit age.0000-00-00
Denmarkno0000-00-00
Estonia0000-00-00
Finlandyes0000-00-00Remark:
Franceyes0000-00-00Remark:
Germanyyes0000-00-00Remark:
GreeceOver 3rd level0000-00-00
Hungary0000-00-00
Internationalno0000-00-00
Irelandno0000-00-00
Italyno0000-00-00
Luxembourgyes0000-00-00
NetherlandsYes. Applicant must provide certificates and pass specific test.0000-00-00
Norwayyes0000-00-00Remark:
Polandno0000-00-00
Portugalno0000-00-00
Slovakia
Sloveniano0000-00-00Remark:
SpainYes0000-00-00Remark:
SwedenYes, Life saving qualifications, 3 meters jump into water, diving 3-4 meters0000-00-00
United Kingdomno0000-00-00



Are applicants required to pay any type of fee when applying to join the fire service ?


CountryNo.last updateremark
Austriano0000-00-00
Belgiumno0000-00-00Remark:
Cyprus0000-00-00
Czech RepublicYes, approx. 10 ? for medical approval0000-00-00
Denmarkno0000-00-00
Estonia0000-00-00
Finlandno0000-00-00
Franceno0000-00-00
Germanyno0000-00-00
GreeceNo0000-00-00
Hungary0000-00-00
Internationalno0000-00-00
Irelandno0000-00-00
Italyno0000-00-00
Luxembourgno0000-00-00
Netherlandsno0000-00-00
Norwayno0000-00-00
Polandno0000-00-00
Portugalno0000-00-00
Slovakia
Sloveniano0000-00-00
SpainYes, 5 - 20 ?.0000-00-00
Swedenno0000-00-00
United Kingdomno0000-00-00



Can the applicants apply to join the fire service or apply for specific posts as many times as they want?


CountryNo.last updateremark
Austriayes0000-00-00Remark:
Belgiumyes0000-00-00
Cyprus0000-00-00
Czech RepublicNo. It depends of Fire Rescue Brigade0000-00-00
Denmarkyes0000-00-00
Estonia0000-00-00
Finlandyes2010-05-09
Franceyes0000-00-00
Germanyyes0000-00-00
GreeceYes0000-00-00
Hungary0000-00-00
Internationalyes0000-00-00
Irelandyes2010-05-09
Italyyes0000-00-00
Luxembourgno0000-00-00
Netherlandsyes0000-00-00
Norwayyes0000-00-00Remark:
Polandyes0000-00-00Remark:
Portugalyes0000-00-00
Slovakia
Sloveniayes2010-10-21Remark:
SpainYes0000-00-00
Swedenyes0000-00-00
United Kingdomyes0000-00-00



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